Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis affecting middle-aged to elderly patients. Commonly known as the joints’ wear and tear arthritis, osteoarthritis involves all the structure forming the synovial joint rather than just the cartilage at the ends of the...

Heat, Cold, and Compression Therapy

Pain from musculoskeletal conditions may be debilitating and affect the day to day life of patients. The pain such as knee pain or hip pain may begin suddenly after an injury or maybe a result of a long-standing underlying condition. The physicians usually prescribe...

Tennis Elbow – Causes & Management

Tennis elbow is known as lateral epicondylitis. Tennis elbow occurs most commonly between the ages of 30 and 50 years. Despite the name, the painful condition is more common among non-athletes rather than athletes. The pain is due to inflammation and tears of the...

Wrist Pain – Causes and Management

Wrist pain is a common condition that affects all age groups. A number of different causes may lead to wrist pain. The pain may arise suddenly after an injury or may develop over time due to repetitive stress or arthritis. Daily activities such as driving, writing,...

Flat Feet – Causes & Management

Flat feet or pes planus is a common orthopedic condition that may lead to significant pain and deformity in the foot. Flat feet is an absence or low lying arch on the inner side of the foot. The main functions of the foot are to support the body weight and lever the...

Fusion Surgeries of Lower Cervical Spine

Fusion Surgeries: ACDF – one of the most common cervical spine surgery. It’s done from the front, very safe surgery, minimal blood loss, patients usually can be sent the same day or the next day out of the hospital. In which we clean the disc, put a bone...

Clinical Case C1-C2 Instability

To start with, we’ll start with the clinical case, there’s a 78 year old male presents with bilateral hand clumsiness and balance problems. He has a history of a distant fall about four years back, which was managed conservatively and he had no fracture,...

Complications of Spine Surgery

So, spine surgery is not without complications and I think actually, it has more complications than other orthopedic surgeries. Rather, a big study from the database showed that long, degenerative deformity correction surgeries can have risk of minor and major...

Surgeries of Upper Cervical Spine Diseases

One of the surgeries that we usually do. These are some of the surgeries that we do. This is a transarticular C1-C2 screw. In this case, we try to save the mobility on the CCJ, craniocervical junction. This is another fusion, harms fusion, or a C1-C2 fusion. This is...

Natural History of Odontoid Fracture

The natural history of these patients. So, most Odontoid fractures in elderly population can be treated conservatively, non-surgically, they are put in a C collar, they do really well. Only patients, either if there’s a young patient who has an Odontoid fracture...

Natural History of Lumbar Spine Disease

90% of these patients get better over four to six weeks. They may have recurring episodes, they may have deterioration. As I talked, patients with spondylolisthesis, instability, 33% will worsen overtime, 33 will stay stable, 33 will get better. So patients who are...

Lower Cervical Spine Diseases

So, what are the pathologies that we usually see on a cervical spine? This is a case of a congenital cervical stenosis. These patients usually are asymptomatic throughout their life, unless they have superimposed degenerative changes or superimposed injury. In case of...

Spine Surgery Set-up

So, apart from this, there are thoracic spine, rarely the patients can have a thoracic spine problems, mostly they are fractures, which are treated conservatively. Sometimes patients can have, rarely, can have thoracic myelopathy in which there is a bad disc, causing...

Recent Advances in Spine Surgery

What are recent advances into the field of spine surgery? So we have started using more of navigation now. We have these sensors, infrared sensors. We have these fiducial we put down the bone, and then our drill, the sleeves, they are all marked. So these help us in...

Presentation of Lumbar Spine Diseases

Presentation: Dermatomal Presentations. So most of the patients with spine pathologies will have some back pain, but more of radiculopathy. And radiculopathies patients who have radiculopathy do better with surgical treatment. The dermatomal level status where the...

Lumbar Spine Anatomy

Next we have the lumbar spine. The next most mobile segment of our spine. Lumbar spine has five lumbar vertebrae, and it articulates with sacrum below. So actually sacrum also comes into the same gambit. Read more about Back Pain here

Lumbar Spine Diseases

This is a degenerative spondylolisthesis. This is also a degenerative condition, essentially though it can happen in young, but it’s a desiccation, disc desiccation which causes this, leading with annular tear, posterior PLL (Posterior Longitudinal Ligament)...

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

So what are the non-fusion surgeries on lumbar spine? These are essentially done for fractures, kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. These are patients who have what you call a compression fracture. They have no breach posteriorly, sometimes we did do them on the patients...

Who Needs Spine Surgery

So, last slide. This is who needs spine surgery, finally. So cervical radiculopathy. So cervical radiculopathy – not relieved for four weeks despite measures, epidural injections, medications. Lumbar radiculopathy not relieved for four to six weeks. This should...

Non Fusion Surgeries of Lumbar Spine

So what are the non-fusion surgeries on lumbar spine? These are essentially done for fractures: kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. These are patients who have a vertebral compression fracture. They have no breach posteriorly. Sometimes we did do them on the patients who...

Fusion Surgeries of Lumbar Spine

These are the usual fusion surgeries. There’s a whole gambit of fusion surgeries. Now, we can go from front, back, side, lateral, this, that everything, what we can find an angle, we can go do a fusion surgery. This is the most common one, TLIF. We go from the...

Robotic Hip Replacement Procedures

Hip and knee replacement surgeries have transformed the treatment of arthritis. Hip replacement is a surgery to replace the diseased parts of the hip joint with metal and plastic parts. The prosthetic parts duplicate the function of the natural, healthy joint. The...

Intimacy after Total Hip Replacement

Total hip replacement has revolutionized the treatment of hip pain resulting from arthritis. The hip pain may severely affect daily activities such as walking, bending, sitting, navigating stairs, or driving a car. The symptom which is often not discussed with the...

Managing Radiculopathy During COVID-19

What can patients with cervical or lumbar radiculopathy (Sciatica) do to decrease their pain and improve their quality of life during these circumstances of COVID-19 pandemic? Patients with radiculopathy either cervical or lumbar (also known as Sciatica) have mild to...

Covid 19 Update

In today’s circumstances, we at Complete Orthopedics are committed to our patients.  During this tough period of COVID-19 breakout and subsequent social distancing as needed to control the pandemic, we are working hard to bring optimal care to our patients right at...

Dr. Vaksha on the Intervertebral Disc

Between each vertebral body there is an intervertebral disc. The disc allows to cushion the vertebral bodies, as well as allows movement. The intervertebral disc is made up annulus fibrosus, which surrounds a central gel-like material called the nucleus pulposus. Due...

Dr. Vedant Vaksha – The Shoulder Joint

  The shoulder joint is made up of three bones. The arm bone, or the humerus, the collarbone, or the clavicle, and the shoulder blade, or the scapula. The bones are connected to each other at two joints. The shoulder joint in itself in the acromioclavicular...

Dr. Vaksha – Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Rotator cuff tendinitis is inflammation of the tendons of the rotator cuff. It may involve any of the four tendons, but most commonly involves the supraspinatus and infraspinatus. This is caused by repetitive actions of the shoulder, especially overhead activities and...

Dr. Vaksha – The Intervertebral Disc

  Between each vertebral body there is an intervertebral disc. The disc allows to cushion the vertebral bodies, as well as allows movement. The intervertebral disc is made up annulus fibrosus, which surrounds a central gel-like material called the nucleus...

Authorizing Physical Therapy with Workers Comp

How do you handle authorization for physical therapy for a patient who is injured in a worker’s compensation injury?  We are going to get into real specifics here! At our office, where we treat workers comp patients, we use the MG-2 form which is the “Attending...

Personal Injury Vs. Workers’ Comp

When you get injured, your first thought is how you will pay your medical bills and recover any lost compensation. A personal injury lawsuit is one way to recover financial losses due to an injury, and workers’ compensation is a way to help recover from an...

Orthopedic Injuries At Dangerous Jobs

Do you work in a physically demanding field? If so, then you are at a higher risk of suffering from an orthopedic injury. Orthopedic injuries often involve the foot, knee, ankle, hip, shoulder, wrist, elbow and spine. They can happen any time and anywhere. Injuries...

What Are The Most Common Types Of Workplace Injuries?

In 2015, OSHA estimates that a little over 13 workers per day died from workplace injuries. That is a lot of fatal workplace injuries, but it also represents a lot of different injury situations. Sometimes a workplace injury is an honest accident that could not have...

Recovery Time For Tibial Osteotomy

Tibial osteotomies are often performed for knee injuries such as total lateral compartment collapse following a motor vehicle accident.  Patients sometimes wonder “What is the recovery time for tibial osteotomy?”  Generally you will wear a cast for 4 to 8 weeks, then...