Knee Pain FAQs

What can cause knee pain without injury?

There are multiple reasons that can cause knee pain without injury. This may include inflammation of the tendon, gradual long-standing injury to the articular cartilage or the meniscal cartilage, inflammation of the plica inside the knee joint, inflammation of the capsule, inflammation of the surrounding muscles and tendons etc.

What can cause pain in the back of the knee?

Pain in the back of the knee can be caused by tendonitis, strain of the muscles of the back. It can also be caused by degenerative changes in the knee causing a formation of cysts in the back of the knee. Occasionally, meniscal tears can present with pain in the back of the knee. Unusual cause of pain there may be a clot in the vein or injury to the ligament.

Where is the knee VMO muscle?

VMO means vastus medialis Obliquus. It’s the lower part of the inner side of the quadriceps muscle. This muscle helps in the last stages of straightening of the knee joint and is very important in the function of the knee joint. This is the first muscle to weaken and the last muscle to strengthen in patients of injury of the knee joint.

Is walking good a bad knee?

Walking is a good exercise for knee pain. It should be done as much as possible, without aggravating the knee pain. It helps not only in general body exercise, but also strengthening muscles of the knee joint, which help in decrease in pain throughout the knee.

Is running bad for your knees?

Running, especially on hard surfaces, can be bad for the knee. Especially if they are already injured or have degenerative changes. Person should have proper shoe and should try not to run on hard surfaces. They should also do dedicated knee muscle strengthening exercises as well as warm up before the running.

What is patellar tendonitis of the knee?

Patellar tendonitis means inflammation of the patellar tendon which is found between the kneecap and the leg bone called tibia. It does usually involve the upper part of the tendon where it attaches to the kneecap. It is usually treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation along with anti-inflammatory medication. Patient is advised not to involve in contact sports and avoid activities that will worsen the pain. Bracing may help also.

What is plica syndrome?

There are soft tissue reflections inside the knee joint called plica. The knee joint has multiple plica bands in the knee, the most remarkable being on the inside, and on the upper part of the kneecap. They are usually present and do not cause any problems. Sometimes, a plica may be thickened or inflamed and may start rubbing on the articular surface and cause pain. In these patients, they are initially treated with anti-inflammatory medications, ice, elevation, and rest followed by physical therapy. If they are not improved with conservative management, then surgical treatment may be required.

How do you treat tendonitis in the knee?

Tendonitis in the knee is usually treated in the same way as it is in any other part of the body, by using the RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression and elevation). The patient can also be sent for physical therapy as well as use anti-inflammatory medications. Bracing may also help.

What is the IT band?

The IT band, or the iliotibial band is a thickening of soft tissue, which extends from the hip to the knee joint. It functions in stabilizing the hip as well as the knee joint and also functions in the movement of the knee joint.

What is IT band Syndrome?

IT band syndrome is caused due to rubbing of the IT band over the outer part of lower thigh bone leading to inflammation and causing pain. It usually occurs in runners and cyclists. It is usually relieved with rest and anti-inflammatory medications. Occasionally a steroid shot may help.

How do you reduce fluid in the knee?

Fluid in the knee is usually reactionary to some other pathology in the knee like injury to the ligament, the meniscus or the cartilage. To decrease the fluid these pathologies are to be taken care of accordingly. In an acute setting, if the fluid is causing pain and discomfort, the fluid can be aspirated by needle from the knee joint. Cortisone injection may also be given at the same time if appropriate which may help in decreasing the swelling and pain.

I am Vedant Vaksha, Fellowship trained Spine, Sports and Arthroscopic Surgeon at Complete Orthopedics. I take care of patients with ailments of the neck, back, shoulder, knee, elbow and ankle. I personally approve this content, and have written most of it myself.